The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) is a global network in some 100 countries that works for a world free of antipersonnel landmines, where landmine survivors can lead fulfilling lives. The Campaign was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of its efforts to bring about the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty. Since then, we have been advocating for the words of the treaty to become a reality, demonstrating on a daily basis that civil society has the power to change the world.

Success Achieved

The Mine Ban Treaty, or the Ottawa Treaty, is the international agreement that bans Anti-personnel mine. Officially entitled The Convention on the Prohibition, Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Antipersonnel Mines and on Their Destruction, the treaty is sometimes referred to as the Ottawa Convention. The Mine Ban Treaty was adopted in Oslo, Norway, in September 1997 and signed by 122 States in Ottawa, Canada, on 3 December 1997. As of January 2013, there were 161 States Parties to the Ottawa Treaty.

The mine ban treaty requires member states to never use antipersonnel mines, nor to "develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer" them; destroy mines in their stockpiles within four years; clear mined areas in their territory within 10 years; and conduct mine risk education and ensure that mine survivors, their families and communities receive comprehensive assistance.

Lessons Learnt

The ICBL utilises a multi-stakeholder approach to address land mine and cluster munition situation and conducts advocacy activities, lobbying for implementation and universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty, humanitarian mine action programs geared toward the needs of mine-affected communities, support for landmine survivors, their families and their communities, and a stop to the production, use and transfer of landmines, including by non-State armed groups. Furthermore, by participating in the periodical meetings of the Mine Ban Treaty process, urges states not parties to the treaty to join and non-state armed groups to respect the mine ban norm, condemns mine use and promotes public awareness and debate on the mine issue, organizing events and generating media attention.

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