Women: The real backbone of the small-scale sector.
Women make up 51% of Tanzania’s total population of 44,841,226 which stands at 23,869,025 and thus play a pivotal role in the economy. Most live in rural areas where they form the backbone of the small scale sector. Many households depend on women’s incomes, having lost their breadwinner husbands, fathers, brothers, grandfathers to the HIV/AIDS scourge. Given the complexity of the problem in Tanzania, the project shall involve activities targeting children, female adults and the wider community at large, while also continuing to strengthen the advocacy and lobbying activities through important platforms. These interventions focus on children and women would mainly focus addressing short term or immediate needs, the advocacy and lobbying work may take long to yield results (1-3 yrs). The project will also seek to address the cause and numerous unwanted pregnancies that deny the girl child of further education and ultimately women being in leadership positions.
To reduce the Malnourished adolescent girls and women who are more likely to give birth to low birth weight infants, who are malnourished in childhood and later life, thus transferring undernutrition from one generation to the next is highly appreciated.The high levels of stunting in the country, affecting over three million children, constitute a silent emergency. Stunting does not generally receive the same attention as acute malnutrition or underweight because the effects are hidden and the threats to health and survival are not immediate.However, the consequences of stunting are serious and long-lasting. In fact, height at the age of two years is the strongest predictor of future human capital.
HOW THE OBJECTIVES WERE ACHIEVED
The overall objective of this Campaign is to create an enabling environment for the Indigenous Women and girls particularly in Mbulu district of Manyara region so that they can be self-dependent, contribute to the development of the area and be an active participant in development effort of the nation through the promotion of Women Education and adolescent girls development rights in terms of education, health, economic security, citizenship and advocating for adolescent girls in the post -2015 agenda.
Inability to access basic education for many children due to family poverty, orphanage and lack of schools in rural areas. Poor quality of basic education offered due to low financing, lack of teachers, education resources; leading to illiteracy after completing school. Absence of government strategies to assist needy children in the society to access education and other basic needs.Given priority to Early childhood development and education and seek funding by the all stakeholders.
(1) Nutritional awareness to promote a healthy diet for improving Mother & Child Livelihoods.
(2) Project will improve NGOs’ capacities to participate in health policy formulation and in particular its resource management, collaborate in decision-making on key issues, and represent the interests of citizens and communities in environment and sustainable development discussions and debates.
(3) By promoting coordination and knowledge exchange among NGOs and other partners.In the project we aim to have a wider influence on civil society capacity to engage with governments in the tasks and activities of Health Education and Governance.
(4) The Campaign is expected to contribute a substantial improvement.
The communities face problems classified as health, education, economic, and social cultural.
Road networks are very bad, making it very hectic for patients to walk to get to get to health centers for treatment. Due to such problems those who are suffering are mothers who are lactating and this is found as follows; One out of 20 Tanzanian children born die before their first birthday, while one out of 12 Tanzanian children die before their fifth birthday. During the same period, neonatal mortality was 26 deaths per 1,000 live births, while post neonatal mortality was 25 deaths per 1,000 live births. For this proposal the need to start with education is very important and supports the fight of Poverty. Educating Girls will be very important as they will be National Champions for this Campaign.
The nutrition situation of adolescent girls and women in Tanzania is also alarming. About one third of women age 15-49 years are deficient in iron, vitamin A and iodine, two fifths of women are anaemic and one in ten women are undernourished. Malnourished adolescent girls and women are more likely to give birth to low birth weight infants, who are malnourished in childhood and later life, thus transferring undernutrition from one generation to the next.The high levels of stunting in the country, affect over three million children, constitute a silent emergency. Stunting does not generally receive the same attention as acute malnutrition or underweight because the effects are hidden and the threats to health and survival are not immediate.However, the consequences of stunting are serious and long-lasting. In fact, height at the age of two years is the strongest predictor of future human capital.The World Health Organization regards stunting as ‘very high’ if it is greater than 40%.
Two of the most important lessons learnt are: caring practices for good nutrition in early life, breastfeeding and complementary feeding.
Infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months. Breast milk provides all of the nutrients, vitamins and minerals an infant needs for growth for the first six months, and no other liquids or food are needed. At 2-3 months, only 51% of infants are exclusively breastfed, and this falls to 23% by the age of 4-5 months. The duration of exclusively breastfeeding is on average only 2.5 months in mainland Tanzania and two weeks in Zanzibar.
Complementary foods given to children are often carbohydrate-based and lack sufficient protein, minerals and vitamins. Many mothers lack the knowledge and support from other family members to exclusively breastfeed and feed their young children in the best way possible. Why nutrition matters In Tanzania is that malnutrition is a contributing factor in an estimated 130 child deaths every day.