Transition of Millennium Development Goals to SDGs
The MDGs encompassed eight targets that span the spectrum of human development from eradicating poverty to promoting sustainable development, education, health and economic and social development. Benchmarking the global development policy since 2000, the MDGs reached their expiration date. The Millennium Campaign ended in 2015 and the global development agenda was equipped with a new set of goals called the Sustainable Development Goals. ZUNA facilitated the transition through awareness campaigns especially to the future generation which are the youths because there is the possibility of them suffering the consequences of unsustainable acts. Up to now, through assistance from civil society, government and the community, ZUNA still empowers people of all races, genders, the youth and elderly on the SDG’s.
- Enhance youth understanding on the “Transition from MDGs to SDGs”
- Encourage youth to participate in decision making processes on the Sustainable Development Goals at National and International level.
- Encourage the youth in researching information on Zimbabwe’s position on the progress of MDGs and steps towards the Post-2015 Development Agenda.
- Provide a platform for the youth to express their perception in the context of respective countries that they represent
- Instil a culture of pertinent international issues among youth, and come to agreement from diverse international interest.
HOW THE OBJECTIVES WERE ACHIEVED
- Conducted workshops for everyone and anyone so as to increase knowledge and understanding on Sustainable Development Goals.
- Information dissemination through the use of print and electronic media i.e. Facebook, WhatsApp and Twitter
- Workshops and meetings which where conducted by highly specialized personnel
- Literature distribution
- Awareness campaigns
Innovations of the campaign where to gather a broad range of inputs to capably structure a Post-2015 Development Agenda. According to UNDP, the UN has been in contact with 200,000 people from 189 countries to investigate a global perspective of different priorities to formulate a thorough, effective, targeted and efficient framework. The transition served as a platform for increasing efforts to reach populations of poor and rural regions and those who have not had strong representation in other international agendas, such as women and youth, to ensure their inclusion in the conversation. There was need to plan for sustainable ways for economic growth, poverty alleviation, natural resources conservation (forests, soil, water, air)
Zimbabwe United Nations Association managed to launch eight University Chapters responsible for the transition of “MDG’s 2 SDG’s”. The chapters or clubs are affiliated to ZUNA and are very active. Please follow links http://www.zw.one.un.org/newsroom/news/model-un-highlightstransition-mdgs-sdgs and http://www.zimbabweonlinenews.com/%EF%BB%BFzuna-chapters-successfully-launched-at-universities/. Seventeen thousand five hundred (17 500) Zimbabweans voted for the “world they wanted” and 80% of the 17 5000 where youths which are the most targeted group as far as sustainability is concerned. This was really a huge impact. Zimbabwe United Nations Association introduced and initiated the SDGs in Zimbabwe http://www.thestandard.co.zw/2014/04/27/millennium-sustainable-goals-name-change-answer-poverty/
The political environment hinders the organization from discussing sensitive human rights issues that affect the nation as a whole, therefore it was very difficult to elaborate further on the goals. ZUNA organized several events and unfortunately the invited ministers failed to show up for example the Micro-economic Planning and Investment Promotion Minister, responsible for the Implementation of SDGs, failed to attend a breakfast meeting on SDGs. His officiating at the gathering was cancelled at the last minute due to political developments. There has been a rampant firing of Ministers and a change of office for the ministers hence ZUNA faced a problem of continuity, since there seemed to be a new Minister in office. There were a lot of changes in the duties of relevant ministries for example, the Sustainable Development Goals used to be under The Ministry of Public service, Labour and Social Welfare but was moved to the department of economic planning under The Ministry of Finance.
Team work was a key lesson learnt in order for the transition to be successful. ZUNA had to work with high schools, universities, the government and the community. It wasn’t going to be possible if there was no unity amongst different organisation. The Sustainable Development Goals gave us a lesson that the youths are the future therefore they have to be seriously involved for they are the decision makers of tomorrow. ZUNA learnt how important it is to strengthen its relationship with the government and civil society. ZUNA also learnt to use the bottom up approach through the involvement of chiefs, headsman, rural communities to spear head the SDGs.